Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 100-104

Vitiligo: Clinical profiles in Vadodara, Gujarat

1 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, India
2 Department of Skin and VD, Sir Sayajirao Gaikwad Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat - 390002, India

Correspondence Address:
Rasheedunnisa Begum
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.26928

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Purpose: Vitiligo is an acquired depigmentary condition involving a progressive loss of melanocytes from the epidermis and hair follicles We have earlier reported impairment of systemic antioxidant status of Baroda vitiligo patients ( Pigment Cell Res 2004; 17; 289-94) and we now show analysis of the clinical profiles of these patients. Procedure: The study comprised of 424 vitiligo patients. Clinical and demographic details of all the patients were obtained from the vitiligo clinical proformas. Lipid peroxidation levels (LPO) in erythrocytes of vitiligo patients and healthy controls were estimated. Result: Out of four hundred and twenty four outpatients, males constituted 38.44% and females were 61.56%. Mean age of the patients was 25.59 years. The sites of onset were the lower limb, face, trunk, upper limb, genital, hand, labia and scalp in the descending order of frequency. Koebner's phenomenon was observed in 12.74%, diabetes mellitus in 1.18%, leukotrichia in 9.2% and premature graying of hair in 23.11% patients. A family history of vitiligo was present in 21.93% of the patients. Significant increase ( P <0.002) in the LPO levels of the vitiliginous patients was observed compared to the controls. Conclusion: Vitiligo vulgaris was the most common form of the disease which constituted 52.36% of the patients followed by focal vitiligo (28.54%), segmental vitiligo (6.84), acrofacial (7.55%), mucosal (2.83%) and universal vitiligo (1.89%). Systemic oxidative stress may have a pathophysiological role in precipitating all clinical types of vitiligo in Vadodara vitiliginous patients.

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