Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 606-611

Clinico-epidemiological study of congenital ichthyosis in a tertiary care center of Eastern India

1 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Shridev Suman Subharti Medical College, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
3 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Ahar
Prabhat Vatika, E-27, Latowali, Kankhal, Haridwar - 249 408, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_411_17

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Background: Congenital ichthyoses comprises various specific genetic diseases and can range from mild to very severe presentation. Furthermore, these may be associated with various syndromes. There is scanty data regarding the demographic profile and clinical features of patients with congenital ichthyosis in India. Aims and Objectives: The aim is to evaluate the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of various types of congenital ichthyoses. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted for 1 year from April 2013 to March 2014. Patients were evaluated for epidemiological profile and clinical features. Results: During the study of 1 year, 106 patients of congenital ichthyoses were identified. The most common of the various ichthyoses was ichthyosis vulgaris, followed by lamellar ichthyosis, X-linked recessive ichthyosis. One case of Netherton syndrome and one of ichthyosis hystrix were also identified. Conclusion: Various types of congenital ichthyoses present with different clinical features which range from mild to severe. These present with significant psychological stress to both patients and their families. Furthermore, all these diseases have significant implications of transmission to their offspring.

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