Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61-64

Metastatic basal cell carcinoma: case report and review of the literature

1 Department of Dermatology, Hospital Costa Del Sol, Marbella, Spain
2 Department of Pathology, Hospital Costa Del Sol, Marbella, Spain
3 Department of Pathology, Hospital Universitario Carlos Haya, Málaga, Spain

Correspondence Address:
Jose-Francisco Millan-Cayetano
Department of Dermatology, Hospital Costa Del Sol, 29603 Marbella
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_302_18

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Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most commonly occurring carcinoma among humans. However, despite their overall frequency, cases of BCC featuring metastases are extremely rare. We present the case of a male patient with BCC located in the chest, measuring 10 cm and with an evolution of 15 years. After several years, an axillary recurrence developed as a tumor mass affecting the lymph nodes. After 14 months, a further lymph node recurrence was observed and resected. Six months later, a pulmonary nodule was detected, which was resected with tumor-free margins. Histopathological report revealed infiltration by BCC. After 13 years of follow-up (after the removal of the primary tumor), the patient remained alive and received close clinicoradiological monitoring. Taking advantage of this opportunity, we also provide a brief review of the corresponding literature.

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