Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 347-351

Prevalence and Risk Factor of Occupational Skin Complaints among Male Tannery Workers of Kanpur, India

1 Department of Health and Hospital Management, Institute of Health Management Research (IIHMR, Bangalore), Near Thimma Reddy Layout, Hulimangala, Electronic City, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Mathematical Demography & Statistics, International Institute for Population Sciences, Govandi Station Road, Deonar Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Population Research Centre (PRC) Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics BMCC Rd, Deccan Gymkhana, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Gyan Chandra Kashyap
Assistant Professor, Institute of Health Management Research (IIHMR, Bangalore), 319, Near Thimma Reddy Layout, Hulimangala, Electronic City, Bangalore, Karnataka-560105
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_20_20

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Background: Occupational skin illnesses are the second most common occupational health hazard following musculoskeletal disorders. Tannery workers have frequent and prolonged exposure to skin irritants and allergens and may have a higher risk of developing occupational dermatitis. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the extent of skin problems and their determinants among male tannery workers. Materials and Methods: The data for the present research was drawn from a cross-sectional household study of tannery and nontannery workers in the Jajmau area of Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. A total of 284 tannery and 289 nontannery workers were interviewed using purposive sampling technique. Descriptive statistics and multivariate techniques have been used. Results: Tannery workers experienced itching hands or fingers with fissures (21%), scaling of hands or fingers with fissures (18%), red and swollen hands or fingers (11%), and vesicles on the hands or between the fingers (11%). The workers who had moderate/high dermal exposure to chemicals were 35(P < 0.001), and they were 31 (P < 0.001) times more likely to experience vesicles on scaling hands or fingers with fissures, and itching hands or fingers with fissures. The tannery workers engaged in wet finishing work were significantly 3.9 (P < 0.1) times more likely to experienced scaling on hands or fingers with fissures. Conclusion: The study acclaims the mechanization of tannery activities at workplaces, so that risk of skin complaints can be minimized among tannery workers. As the risk of skin complaints is very high with the dermal exposure to chemicals, personal protective equipment must be provided and their use should be included in the curriculum of the ternary workers.

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