Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 312

A clinico-demographic profile and sexual behaviour pattern in attendees of designated STI/RTI clinic having sexually transmitted infections with special reference to HIV seropositivity

Department of Dermatology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College (BSMCH), Gobindanagar, Bankura, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Sudipta Roy
Department of Dermatology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Gobindanagar, Bankura, West Bengal - 722 102
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijd.ijd_69_22

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Introduction: The dynamics of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are influenced by sexual behaviour (age of first sexual exposure, number of sexual partner/s, sexual orientation, mode of intercourse, addiction, occupation, correct and consistent use of condom). The presence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) influences the clinical pattern of STIs and the course of disease too. Objective: Our study was conducted to find the prevalence of STIs among attendees of a designated STI/RTI clinic (DSRC) with the description of clinico-demographic profile and sexual behaviour and association of HIV seropositivity with STIs. Methods: Ours was an institution-based cross-sectional study conducted at DSRC after obtaining ethics committee approval and consent from patients. Clinical diagnosis, demographic profile and sexual history were obtained after maintaining audio-visual privacy. Statistical Analysis: Medcalc, version 10.2 was used. Results: Among 167 patients attending DSRC during the study period, 76 having sexual dysfunctions were excluded. The major STIs diagnosed were primary syphilis (6.59%), secondary syphilis (2.2%), herpes genitalis (42.86%), condyloma acuminata (26.37%), molluscum contagiosum (5.49%), genital candidiasis (7.69%), bowenoid papulosis (3.3%), genital scabies (4.4%) and chancroid (1.1%). Sexual orientations were heterosexual (64.83%), lesbian (1.1%), gay (12.1%), bisexual (17.58%) and with an animal partner (4.4%). Among the total study population, 8.8% was rapid plasma reagin (RPR) reactive and 12.1% was Integrated Counselling and Testing Centre (ICTC) reactive. Among the total patients who used condoms (n = 49), only 15 (16.4% of total participants) used condoms correctly and consistently. Peno-vaginal mode of intercourse (n = 78) was found to be most common followed by oro-insertive (n = 42), oro-receptive (n = 34), ano-insertive (n = 24), ano-receptive (n = 17) and digital insertion (n = 20). Conclusion: Sexual behaviour influences the disease outcome in patients with reproductive tract infection (RTI)/STI.

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