Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 343-348

Ingrown toenail treated by the modified howard–dubois technique: Long-term follow-up results

From the Department of Hand Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China

Correspondence Address:
Jin Li
Department of Hand Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1277 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan - 430022
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijd.ijd_687_21

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Background: According to the Mozena classification system, stage IIb and stage III ingrown toenail cases are considered as severe ones; however, limited options are available for treatment. Aims: To lower the recurrence rate and achieve primary intention healing in severe ingrown toenail cases by the modified Howard–Dubois technique. Methods: Forty patients were included in this study. In this procedure, a fish-mouth like soft tissue along the nail groove to the tip of the toe was resected, the upper surface of the distal phalanx was flattened and the nail bed matrix was remodelled. The European Quality of Life (EuroQol) questionnaire and Surgical Satisfaction Questionnaire were used to assess the outcomes. Results: There were no recurrences observed during the follow-up period. Healing time from surgery to back to school or work was 10.82 days on an average (range: 7–23 days). According to the results of EuroQol questionnaire, improvements were achieved in the areas of mobility (50%), looking after myself (10%), doing usual activities (35%), having pain or discomfort (95%) and feeling worried, sad, or unhappy (55%). According to the results of Surgical Satisfaction Questionnaire, 38 (95%) patients indicated that they would undergo the surgery again if they 'had to do it all over again' and 36 (90%) patients said that they would recommend the procedure to others. Conclusions: This modified Howard–Dubois technique was an effective, safe and cosmetic alternation for the treatment of ingrown toenail in severe or relapsed cases.

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