Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 645-650

An observational study of clinical, metabolic and hormonal profile of pediatric acne

1 Department of Dermatology and STD, VMMC and SJH, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, VMMC and SJH, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Pathology, VMMC and SJH, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Vipul Pareek
Ward No. 16, Near Civil Court, Suratgarh, District- Shri Ganganagar, Rajasthan - 335 804
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_537_20

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Objectives: To study the biochemical, metabolic and hormonal profile among children presenting with acne and to determine the correlation of these parameters with acne grading. Methods: The observational cross-sectional study was conducted for a duration of 18 months on a total of 50 children between 1 and 12 years of age with clinical features of acne. The detailed information regarding the type of acne, biochemical profile (lipid profile, blood sugar levels), hormonal profile and associated illnesses were recorded. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to find out the correlation of acne grading with hormonal and metabolic changes. Results: The mean age of the children was 11.4 years. Among the various lesions, comedones were seen in 98% cases, papules in 94.00% cases, a scar in 14.00% and pustule in 4.00% cases. As compared to children of age 1-7 years, those in age group 8-12 years had significantly more comedones (48 vs 1, P = 0.04), significantly fewer pustules (0.00% vs 100.00%, P = 0.001), and a comparable number of papules and scars. Most of the children (88.00%) had acne vulgaris grade 1. There was a significant negative correlation of Blood sugar-fasting (r = -0.312, P = 0.0275) and a significant positive correlation of HDL (r = 0.28, P = 0.0491) with acne grading. Conclusion: Comedones and papules are the commonest and the earliest forms of pediatric acne. Severe forms of acne are rarely seen below 12 years, age group. Preadolescent acne is commoner than mid-childhood acne, with no difference between male and females. Blood sugar levels and lipid profile derangements have a weak correlation with acne grading.

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