Indian Journal of Dermatology
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   2004| April-June  | Volume 49 | Issue 2  
    Online since July 20, 2009

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Study Of Cutaneous Manifestations Of Diabetes Mellitus
Tanjore Y Raghu, V Vinayak, Garehatty R Kanthraj, Banavasi S Girisha
April-June 2004, 49(2):73-75
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder occurs due to deficiency of insulin or insulin resistance. It leads to various metabolic abnormalities. It affects various tissues cardiovascular system, nervous system, eyes and skin. Following study was done to assess the various cutaneous manifestations of diabetes mellitus, to know associated skin disorders with diabetes mellitus, to understand the cutaneous complications following diabetes mellitus and its therapy. Fifty patients of diabetes mellitus with cutaneous manifestations attending skin and STD department of Vijayanagar Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellary, were selected for the study. They were subjected to relevant investigations. In our study NIDDM was noticed in 86% of cases. Cutaneous infections were the commonest cutaneous manifestations accounting for 70% of the cases. Fungal infections accounted for the majority of infections. Two cases of Achard Thiers syndrome were the interesting observation.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  1,109 247 -
Adapalene In The Treatment Of Acne Vulgaris
H R Y Prasad, Vinod K Sharma
April-June 2004, 49(2):69-72
Topical tretinoin, a retinoid long in use for the treatment of acne vulgaris, has the disadvantage of skin irritation. Adapalene, a third generation retinoid, has been claimed to have less side-effects. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of adapalene in an open uncontrolled trial. Thirty three patients of mild to moderate acne vulgaris were included in the study. Of them, 22 patients completed the study period of 12 weeks. The mean age of all 33 patients was 19 year with male to female ratio of 1.75:1. There was significant decrease in lesion count in each of 1,4,8 and 12 weeks evaluations (p <0.05) in both inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions. About 70% complained of burning, 60% of itching and 30% of dryness. However, none of the side-effects was severe enough to stop the medication except in one case.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  997 162 -
Abdominal Actinomycetoma With Lymphnode Involvement
Rajetha Damisetty, C Janaki, G Sentamilselvi, V R Janaki
April-June 2004, 49(2):88-89
Actinomycotic mycetoma of the anterior abdominal wall with inguinal lymphnode involvement, an exceedingly rare entity is described here with mycological histological features. Remarkable therapeutic response was noted with Welsh regimen.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  1,055 65 -
Trichofolliculoma On Scalp
Manoochehr Sodeify, Shahin Aghaei
April-June 2004, 49(2):79-80
Trichofolliculoma is a congenital malformation with an excess of hair which are usually increased not only in number, but also in length, thickness and pigmentation. The tumor may be multiple, and is usually located on cheek and nose, but may be seen in other areas as well. We present a case of trichofolliculoma on scalp in a 17 year old boy, presenting as a small papule that had a bunch of fine, white hair.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  991 86 -
Pattern Of Tinea Capitis In A Hospital-based Clinic In Alkhobar, Saudi Arabia
Maha Aldayel, Iqbal Bukhari
April-June 2004, 49(2):66-68
Tinea capitis is a dermatophyte infection of the scalp the purpose of this study was to define the demographic features, clinical patterns and associated symptoms and signs of tinea capitis in Saudi Arabia. All patients who attended the dermatology clinic of king Fahad Hospital of the University (KFHU) at Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia and who were diagnosed as tinea capitis between January 1991 and December 2001 were reviewed. The collected data were analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). A p value of less than 0.05 was considered as the statistical level of significance. The patients with tinea capitis composed 0.14% of the study population and male to female ratio was 1.8:1. The mean age at presentation was 6.4 + 5.2 years. The most frequent sign was alopecia and the predominant morphological type was the non inflammatory tinea capitis. Micorporum canis was the predominant dermatophyte followed by Trichophyton violaceum.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  934 101 -
Dowling- Degos Disease In Mother And Daughter
V Sucharita, T N Chowdary, A S Kumar
April-June 2004, 49(2):85-87
An eighteen year old female patient presented with pitted scars over her face, back and flexures, associated with discrete comedones over her trunk, face and extremities of 5 years duration. There was history of similar lesions in her mother since her adolescence. Examination of mother and daughter revealed reticulate flexural hyperpigmentation over neck, axillae, cubital and popliteal fossae in addition to the above mentioned findings. A few cystic lesions were also present on the back and flexures. Dowling-Degos disease in mother and daughter is reported for its rarity and also for some additional features present in these patients, i.e., multiple comedones on the back and extremities in addition to the flexures and also extensive acneiform scarring all over the face in contrast to perioral pitted scars reported in earlier cases.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  912 88 -
Hyper-Immunoglobulin E Syndrome
Pushpa Gnanraj, C Janaki, G Sentamilselvi, V R Janaki
April-June 2004, 49(2):93-95
A case of hyper-IgE syndrome in a 6 year old boy with bronchial asthma is reported here with the various manifestations of multiple tender abscesses of the scalp, recurrent dermatophyte infections of his face and right thigh, eczematous lesions of his neck, shoulders and antecubital fossae, candidiasis of the tongue, angular cheilitis and total dystrophy of his right bit toe nail. Laboratory investigations revealed staphylococcus aureus infection of the scalp, Trichophyton rubrum infection of the face and the thigh and candidal onychomycosis. Immunological survey revealed markedly elevated serum lgE level.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  903 86 -
Experimental Skin Graft In Hairless Descendants Of Mexican Hairless Dogs
Tohru Kimura, Kunio Doi
April-June 2004, 49(2):55-61
In order to enhance the successful rate of skin transplantation, tie-over method and occlusive dressings were investigated using the skin of hairless dogs. Tie-over method had no accelerative effects of the skin grafting of hairless dogs. In contrast, at 2 weeks after grafting, the graft skin has taken well under the moist environment. The hydrocolloid dressing accelerated wound healing in the donor sites. In both the graft and the donor sites, wound contraction and crust formation were not found throughout the study, although the skin of hairless dogs lagged considerably behind that of other haired dogs in wound healing. At 2 weeks after the skin grafting, histologically, the epidermis of the grafts showed thickening and irregular hyperplasia with prominent rete ridges, suggesting a relatively high rate of cell proliferation and/or differentiation. In the dermis, the formation of granulation tissues was found, and neovascularization was obscure. At 4 weeks after skin grating, the epidermis remained thick and hair follicles with well-developed sebaceous glands were observed in some portions. In the donor sites, at 2 weeks after the treatment with hydrocolloid dressing, there was reepithelialization arising from the wound margin. In the dermis, dense granulation tissues containing many fibroblasts and collagen fibers were formed. At 4 weeks after the treatment, the regenerated skin exhibited a remarkable thickening of the epidermis, especially the granular layer, and well-developed rete ridges. These findings revealed that the treatment with the hydrocolloid dressing was a valuable measure in accelerating graft take and wound healing in the donor sites of hairless dogs.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  912 67 -
Treatment Of Pemphigus Vulgaris With Brief, High-Dose Intravenous Glucocorticoids
Mahmood Farshchian, Abulfazl Kehir-Andish, Hussein Mahjub, Abas Zamanian
April-June 2004, 49(2):62-65
Background: Glucocorticoid therapy remains the mainstay of treatment in pemphigus vulgaris although controversy exists about the optimal regiman. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of routine oral prednisolone with high dose intravenous glucocorticoids in treatment of pemphigus vulgaris. Methods: A total of 55 patients with pemphigus vulgaris was enrolled in the study. The diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris was confirmed histologically. The patients were divided into two groups: Group A (26 Patients) was treated with high-dose intravenous glucocorticoids and group B or control group (29 patients) was treated with routine oral prednisolone. Both groups were followed for at least 20 months after initiation of treatment. Results: The results showed complete clinical cure (without relapse in 20 months follow up) in 81% of cases in group A and in 69% of cases in group B (p<0.05). The mean + SD prednisolone daily dose during the 20 months follow up after initiation of treatment was 12+0.38 for A and 15.3 + 1.33 for control group (p<0.05).
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  851 119 -
Disseminated Cutaneous Cryptococcosis In A Patient With HIV Infection
Rajetha Damisetty, C Janaki, G Sentamilselvi, V R Janaki
April-June 2004, 49(2):90-92
Cryptococcosis is one the emerging mycoses, given the context of the ongoing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic. Disseminated cutanous cryptococcosis with obvious involvement of the central nervous system is described here, with the aim of emphasizing the importance of histopathological examination in the diagnosis of HIV related dermatoses and to highlight the fact that cutaneous cryptococcsis may be a harbinger of neurological involvement.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  869 57 -
Clinico-Etiological Study Of Urticaria
Sanjay Mamen Cherjan, Anie Oommen, C K Anand, Nanda B Kishore
April-June 2004, 49(2):76-78
One hundred cases of urticaria were studied to find out the etiology and to detect any co-relation between etiology and clinical manifestation. In 59% cases an etiological factor could be detected and the diagnosis was more certain in acute cases. In more than two-third of cases of chronic utricaria, the etiology could not be detected. Type and distribution of the lesions did not suggest any particular etiology except in the cases of physical and cholinergic urticaria.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  792 116 -
Venous Lakes In Young Siblings
Subhav Kumar Agrawal, Deepika Pandhi, Archana Singal, Sambit Bhattacharya
April-June 2004, 49(2):83-84
Venous lakes are bluish-purple, soft swellings, less than one centimeter in diameter, commonly seen in elderly persons over sun damaged skin of lower lip or ears. An unusual finding of venous lakes over upper eyelids in two sisters in young age is described showing its genetic trait.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  820 42 -
Bilateral Symmetrical Diabetic Bullae
Pendyala S Murthy, Ramachandran Rajagopal, P K Kar, Lipika Neog
April-June 2004, 49(2):81-82
Several types of cutaneous lesions are described in association with diabetes. Spontaneous bulla is a characteristic type of skin lesion that is rarely seen. Only about 100 cases have been described in the literature. We report an unusual case where the lesions developed spontaneously, on both great toes in a symmetrical distribution.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  726 84 -
Role Of Levamisole In The Treatment Of Recurrent Furunculosis
Muhammed Mukhtar, Shyam Sunder Pandey, Gurmohan Singh
April-June 2004, 49(2):105-105
Full text not available  [PDF]
  694 112 -
Current Views And Investigations On Hair Growth Cycle
Devinder Mohan Thappa, M Senthilkumar
April-June 2004, 49(2):51-54
Full text not available  [PDF]
  610 185 -
Giant Skin Tag Over The Thigh
D M Thappa, K Karthikeyan, B Jeevankumar
April-June 2004, 49(2):107-108
Full text not available  [PDF]
  649 93 -
Ectopic Pearly Penile Papules
Subhav Kumar Agarwal, Sambit N Bhattacharya
April-June 2004, 49(2):103-104
Full text not available  [PDF]
  549 125 -
Mesachol Induced Angioedema Of Face
Kalyan Banerjee, Raghubir Banerjee, Biswajit Manda
April-June 2004, 49(2):96-96
Full text not available  [PDF]
  601 35 -
Electrosurgery As A Bloodless Curative Treatment For Large Labial Mucocele
M D Mukhtar
April-June 2004, 49(2):106-106
Full text not available  [PDF]
  543 86 -
Nimesulide Induced A Cute Urticaria
Mala Bhalla, Navdeep Singh, Gurvinder P Thami
April-June 2004, 49(2):98-98
Full text not available  [PDF]
  565 49 -
Escitalopram Induced Drug Eruption
M S Bhatia
April-June 2004, 49(2):99-99
Full text not available  [PDF]
  544 54 -
Chronic Pyrethroid Poisoning In Human
Ashima Goel, Chanehal Jain
April-June 2004, 49(2):100-101
Full text not available  [PDF]
  518 46 -
Familial Piezogenic Pedal Papule
Subhav Kumar Agarwal, Vishal Madan, Sambit Nath Bhattacharya
April-June 2004, 49(2):102-102
Full text not available  [PDF]
  516 43 -
Rofecoxib Induced Purpura
Sunil Dogra, Amrinder Jit Kanwar
April-June 2004, 49(2):97-97
Full text not available  [PDF]
  500 46 -
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